Selasa, 05 Maret 2013

There are 13 Type Flies In Indonesia

There are 13 Type Flies In Indonesia

1. Asilidae
Robber flies are a family Asilidae. They are stocky, hairy flies with short, sharp, strong sucking mouth. The name "robber fly" reflects the well-known habit of their aggressive predators, they feed mainly on other insects and most of them waiting to ambush and capture prey in flight.

2. Bibionidae
March flies are a family of flies (Diptera) with about 650-700 species known worldwide.

 3. Calliphoridae
Calliphoridae (commonly known as the fly (or blow-flies), carrion flies, bluebottles, greenbottles, or cluster flies) are a family of insects in the order Diptera, with about 1,100 the number of known species. Flies can be seen in places with green shiny trash.

4. Drosophilidae
Drosophilidae is a family of fruit flies. Another family of flies that are also included Tephritidae fruit flies. The most famous species of Drosophilidae is Drosophila melanogaster, the Drosophila genus, and species is widely used for the study of genetics, development, physiology, ecology and behavior. Fruit flies are mostly composed of post-mitotic cells, have a very short life, and shows the gradual aging. As in other species, temperature affected the history of animal life. Several genes have been identified that can be manipulated to extend the life of insects.

5. Syrphidae
Hoverflies, sometimes called flower flies or syrphid flies. Their common names indicate that they are often seen hovering to find nectar in flowers. Adults eat nectar and pollen, while the larvae (maggots) eat a variety of foods. In some species, the larvae are saprotrophs, eating decaying plant and animal material in the soil or in ponds and streams. In other species, the larvae are insects and prey on aphids, thrips, and other plant-sucking insects.

6. Tabanidae
Horse Flies is the name of the most widely used English common for members of the family Tabanidae. In spite of the common name "horse flies", this flies in the category of large biting, bloodsucking. Tabanidae known also as the wind flies, clegs or clags, deer flies, gadflies, or zimbs. In some areas of Canada, they are also known as Bull Dog Flies. In Australia several species known as "fly March", which called on the UK to fly Bibionidae.

7. Sarcophagidae
Flies in the family Sarcophagidae (from the Greek Ï? Î ¬ Ï? Î º Î ¿sarco-= flesh, Ï? Î ¬ Î ³ Îμ phage = eating; same root as the "sarcophagus" word) commonly known as flesh flies. They differ from other flies, that they are ovoviviparous, opportunistic deposit maggots hatch or not to hatch eggs in carrion, dung, decaying material, or open wounds of mammals. Some flesh fly larvae are internal parasites of other insects such as Orthoptera, and some, in Miltogramminae particular, is kleptoparasites of solitary Hymenoptera.

8. Stratiomyidae
Flies soldier (Stratiomyidae, sometimes misspelled as Stratiomyiidae From Ï? Ï? Ï? Î ± Ï? Î ¹ Ï? Ï? Î · Ï? Greece - army. Î? Ï? Î ¹ Î ± - fly), are a family of flies ( historically placed in these obsolete Orthorrhapha group). Family contains about 1,500 species in about 400 genera worldwide. Adults are found near larval habitats. Larvae can be found in a variety of situations, especially in wetlands and damp places in soil, soil, under bark, and manure and decaying organic material. They vary in size and shape, though they generally tend to be partially or completely green, or rather wasplike, marked with black and yellow or green and sometimes metal. They often fly usually somewhat active rest with their wings placed one on top of the other over the abdomen.

9. Dolichopodidae
Dolichopodidae, long-legged flies, true flies meerupakan large family with over 7,000 species described in about 230 genera spread across the globe. The Dolichopus genus is the most special, with some 600 species. They are generally small to large, prominent eyes and cast metal for their appearance, despite the observed variation. Most have long legs, though some do not

10. Diopsidae
Diopsidae is a family of stalk-eyed flies. Family flies are distinguished by the possession of eyestalks: projections from the side of the head with the eyes at the end. Several species of flies from other dipteran family Drosophilidae and Tephritidae carry such similar structure but the unique character of Diopsidae is that the antenna was taken next to the eye at the end of the stalk.

Much research on stem mermata flies because of their unique morphology and how it has emerged through the power of sexual selection and natural selection. Thus, the behavior of the stalk-eyed fly has provided key insights into the development of sexual ornaments, genetic factors that retain morphological features such as, sexual selection, and the handicap principle.

11. Tephritidae
Tephritidae is one of two fly families referred to as "fruit flies", another family Drosophilidae. Tephritidae does not include the biological model organisms of the genus Drosophila (in the family Drosophilidae), often called the "common fruit fly". There are nearly 5,000 described species of tephritid fruit fly, categorized in almost 500 genera. Description, recategorization, and genetic analysis are constantly changing taxonomy of this family. To distinguish them from the Drosophilidae, the Tephritidae are sometimes called peacock flies, in reference to the signs of their elaborate and colorful.

12. Bombyliidae
Bombyliidae is composed of hundreds of flies genus. They consist of various sizes from very small (2 mm) to very large for the size of Z flies (several mm wingspan 40). Adults generally feed on nectar and pollen, some act as important pollinators, often with long proboscises such plant species adapted to Lapeirousia, proboscise very long adapted to a narrow flower tube.

13. Muscidae
Fly family Muscidae is found in the superfamily Muscoidea. Muscidae marked with hairy antennae apical segments, and the basal portion smooth. Flies are flies frequently encountered in homes. They may be attracted to a variety of substances including sugar, sweat, tears and blood. The larvae can live in a variety of habitats including decaying vegetation, dry and wet soil, insects and birds nest, freshwater, and carrion. Musca domestica, is a species of the best known and most important.

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